Sunday, April 8, 2012

2 Kings 11 & 2 Chronicles 22-23 - The Wickedness of Ahaziah and Athaliah

LINK: 2 Kings 11 & 2 Chronicles 22-23 (read over the next two days)

Parallel Passages: 
2 Kings 9:27-29  = 2 Chronicles 22:1-9
2 Kings 11:1 = 2 Chronicles 22:10
2 Kings 11:2-12 = 2 Chronicles 22:11-23:11
2 Kings 11:13-21 = 2 Chronicles 23:12-21


We left the story of the kings of Judah and the murder of Ahaziah by Jehu at 2 Kings 9:27-37 in order to talk about the descendants of Ahab. Now we are picking up this story which parallels 2 Chronicles 22-23. Some of this background will be a review from a previous post just to refresh your memory or to fill in the blanks if you are just reading 2 Chronicles alone. 

Ahaziah of Judah- 2 Kings 8:24-9:29; 2 Chronicles 22:1-9

Reigned: 841 B.C. for 1 year

Character: Bad 

Ahaziah "walked in the ways of the house of Ahab and did evil in the eyes of the LORD, as the house of Ahab had done, for he was related by marriage to Ahab's family" (2 Kings 8:27). 
His "mother’s name was Athaliah, the granddaughter of Omri. He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab, for his mother was his counselor to do wickedly. He did evil in the sight of the Lord like the house of Ahab, for they were his counselors after the death of his father, to his destruction" (2 Chronicles 22:2-4).
Overlap with Israel's King: Jehoram (Joram) (852-841 B.C.)

Manner of Death: Murdered by Jehu

Since all of Jehoram’s older sons were killed, his younger son, Ahaziah, became king in 841 B.C. at 22 years old. Influenced by his mother, he did evil. Also, he followed the counsel of the house of Ahab in Israel and went into war aligned with King Joram of Israel. When Ahaziah went to visit King Joram after he was wounded in battle with the Arameans, he was killed by Jehu, whom God had anointed to destroy the house of Ahab (1 King 19:8-18). He only reigned one year.

Family Tree of Jehoram Ahaziah Joash
Queen Athaliah of Judah - 2 Chronicles 22:10-23:21; 2 Kings 11:1-20

Reigned: 841-835 B.C. 6 years

Character: Devilish 

Overlap with Israel's King: Jehu  (841-814 B.C.)

Manner of Death: Murdered by army

The Queen Mother Athaliah (daughter of Ahab), seized the opportunity to take control of the throne of Judah. She reigned from 841-835 B.C. She tried to kill all the royal princes because she had no desire to see the Davidic kingdom continue. Without the Davidic kingdom, there would be no Messiah! Thankfully, Jehosheba, daughter of King Jehoram and sister to King Ahaziah saved her nephew, Joash, and protected him in the temple (she was married to the high priest, Jehoida) for six year at which time he had Joash anointed as king and Athaliah executed.


There are no words for a woman who would want to kill her own grandchildren! Such callousness is unfathomable! She is a “chip off the old block” because Jezebel was her mother.


Lord, we worship You as our God and King. Remove idolatry and evil far from us. We ask this in Jesus' name. Amen.
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